What is endometriosis?
In endometriosis, tissue that normally lines the uterus grows elsewhere in the body. It is almost always found in the abdomen, but in rare cases, endometrial cells are found in organs far from the pelvis. Endometriosis can cause pelvic pain, especially during menstruation and intercourse, though many women have no symptoms at all. It has been linked to infertility, making early detection and treatment important for Dallas women.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
Often there are no symptoms at all. But symptoms, when they occur, can be painful:
- Bowel problems – diarrhea, constpation, and pain when using the bathroom
- Dyspareunia (pain during sex)
- Pain in the lower back
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Irregular menstruation
What causes endometriosis?
No one knows for sure what causes it. Some women experience retrograde menstruation in which menstrual blood flows out of the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity. There is little doubt that this is the source of some cases. But retrograde menstruation cannot explain all cases of endometriosis. It’s possible that endometrial cells escape into the bloodstream and colonize other areas of the body, or that endometrial cells are transferred from the uterus to other parts of the body during abdominal surgery.
Treating Endometriosis at Alliance OBGYN Associates
At Alliance OBGYN, we know very well the stress and anxiety that can come with a diagnosis of endometriosis. You doctor and nurse will work with you one-on-one to make sure that you understand all of the options available to you and your best course of endometriosis treatment while protecting your future health.